88 REVIEW OF BOOK J. NEUSNER, A history of the Jews in Babylonia IV. The age of Shapur II (Studia Post-Biblica XIV), E. J. Brill, Leiden 1969, xx + 476 p. (The . author reviews the political events of the entire reign of Shapur II and concentrates upon the social and cultural-religious history of the third and fourth generations of the Amoraim). REVIEW OF BOOK Religions en Egypte hellénistique et romaine, Presses universitaires de France, Paris 1969, M. PHILONENKO, La cosmogonie du "Livre des secrets d'Hénoch", p. 109-116 (The short text of II Enoch, originally written in Greek (1 cent. A.D.) by an Egyptian Jew, betrays influences from Egypt and Iran. The cosmogony of II Enoch, treated at length by PHILONENKO, is an outstanding example of the syncretism of certain Jewish communities in Egypt during the Roman period). REVIEW OF BOOK P. VAN DER OSTEN-SACKEN, Die Apokalyptik in ihrem Verhältnis zu Pro- phetie und Weisheit (Theologische Existenz heute 157), Chr. Kaiser Verlag, München 1969, 63 p. (On the basis of a detailed study of Daniel 2 and 7 and Qohelet the author comes to the conclusion that apocalyptical writing did not originate in the wisdom literature as VON RAD would have us believe, but that it is a legitimate, if late and unusual, form of prophetic literature that came under the influence of the wisdom literature only at a later stage in its development). REVIEW OF BOOK P. VAN DER OSTEN-SACKEN, Gott und Belial. Traditionsgeschichtliche Untersuchungen zum Dualismus in den Texten aus Qumran, (Studien zur Umwelt des Neuen Testaments 6), Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 1969, 267 p. (This study is a detailed and precise investigation into the motifs which lie behind the dualism of the Qumran community and into their development in Qumranic thought. These motifs are first of all the eschatology of the book of Daniel, the Yom Yahweh tradition and the tradition of the Holy War, and subsequently the motifs of the creation. Thus the original background lies in the Old Testament and not in Iranian dualism which however has played a role in the combination of the two strings of tradition). REVIEW OF BOOK A. SCHALIT, König Herodes (Studia Judaica IV), xvi + 890 p., Walter de Gruyter & Co., Berlin 1969 (This edition of the standard work on Herod is a revised translation of the original Hebrew version. Both text and notes have been expanded, and appendices have been added in which quotations from the Bible and rabbinical texts are rendered as literally as possible into German. The author has followed the example of WALTER OTTO (pauly- Wissowa, Suppl. II) in attempting to sketch Herod's career sine ira et studio, and has paid special attention to the intellectual background. The king wanted to be champion of a spiritual change in the Jewish people within the framework of the new 'liberation' by the Roman Empire and the 'saviour' Augustus. However the Jews rejected such a Hellenistic-Roman inter- pretation of the Messiahship, and the contradictions in Herod's personality estranged his subjects still more. He did nevertheless accomplish much
Journal for the Study of Judaism – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1970
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