INTRODUCTION With the end of the Cold War, two developments-regionalism' and human security2-cast a shadow on the viability of the post-Cold War nation-states. As a consequence, nationalism,' which in the past few centuries occupied center stage in international affairs, has come under serious scrutiny. Not- withstanding certain reservations, the system of nation-states evolved a so- phisticated form of governance. The nature and structure of regional gover- nance are less clear. But until the issue of its governance is better developed, regionalism will be more in the making than a reality. The practice of nation-states created a system of competing national interests that more often than not incited conflict. In fact, war itself became a major instrument to further national interests until the emergence of nu- clear weapons in the mid-20th century, which caused nation-states to ques- tion whether nuclear war could truly further national interests. While effec- tive in forging balance politics and intimidation tactics, nuclear weapons signaled the bankruptcy of total war. In turn, this reality caused major nu- clear powers to entertain new models of security. In the closing years of the Cold War the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE), later called the
Ocean Yearbook Online – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2001
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