Refining the Reconstruction of Col. 2 of the Temple Scroll (11QT a ): The Turn to Digital Mapping and Historical Syntax *

Refining the Reconstruction of Col. 2 of the Temple Scroll (11QT a ): The Turn to Digital Mapping... Digital technology significantly expands the resources available to scholars seeking to reconstruct ancient manuscripts and, in combination with conventional philology, contributes to a more accurate reconstruction of both the text and the line breaks of col. 2 of the Temple Scroll . The column’s fragmentary condition led Yadin and Qimron to diverge in their reconstructions of the manuscript’s line-breaks and its lacunae. The problem is most acute at 2:8–9, where the scroll’s composer expanded the base text of Exod 34 with Deut 7:25–26. By employing techniques of digital mapping in conjunction with historical syntax, this article helps reconstruct the column’s line-breaks, helps restore the lacunae, and offers a refined reconstruction of the column. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Dead Sea Discoveries Brill

Refining the Reconstruction of Col. 2 of the Temple Scroll (11QT a ): The Turn to Digital Mapping and Historical Syntax *

Dead Sea Discoveries, Volume 23 (1): 1 – Mar 31, 2016

Refining the Reconstruction of Col. 2 of the Temple Scroll (11QT a ): The Turn to Digital Mapping and Historical Syntax *


1 Uncertain Line-Breaks and the Methodological Stakes Column 2 of the Temple Scroll (11Q19 [11QTemple Scroll a ]) 1 offers a valuable test-case to demonstrate how newer techniques of digital mapping can be productively combined with traditional philology to assist with the reconstruction of ancient texts. The fragmentary condition of the manuscript of column 2 makes it difficult to establish the column’s original width and how much text should be restored at the beginning and at the end of each line. figure 1 Ardon Bar Hama digital photograph of Col. 2 . © imj by ardon bar hama 2 . As the contrast between Yigael Yadin’s editio princeps and Elisha Qimron’s 2010 alternative reconstruction immediately makes clear, they disagree on where the line-breaks for lines 6–15 should occur (as shown in Figure 2). figure 2 Yadin’s and Qimron’s reconstructions of col. 2 . 3 4 The problem is particularly acute at lines 8–9. In the process of providing a complex revision of the Sinai theophany, the composer here makes a narrative join, inserting Deut 7:25b–26aα (11QT 2:7b–11b) into the base text of the divine speech renewing the covenant in Exod 34:10b–16. Using the distinctive technique of literary rearrangement to join related textual content that is more familiar in the legal sections of the scroll, the Temple Scroll ’s composer here collates two separate source texts that are each concerned with the extirpation of Canaanite cult objects and that prohibit intermarriage with the Canaanites. 5 In fact, the composer of the scroll may well have intuited something about the compositional history of his base text and sensed a textual disruption in it. 6 The manuscript, however, also contains text that is unique to column 2, with no precise equivalent in the Hebrew Bible or any of the other texts from the Judean desert. Accordingly, the major reconstructions disagree on how to fill the lacunae at 11QT...
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Publisher
Brill
Copyright
© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
ISSN
0929-0761
eISSN
1568-5179
DOI
10.1163/15685179-12341369
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Digital technology significantly expands the resources available to scholars seeking to reconstruct ancient manuscripts and, in combination with conventional philology, contributes to a more accurate reconstruction of both the text and the line breaks of col. 2 of the Temple Scroll . The column’s fragmentary condition led Yadin and Qimron to diverge in their reconstructions of the manuscript’s line-breaks and its lacunae. The problem is most acute at 2:8–9, where the scroll’s composer expanded the base text of Exod 34 with Deut 7:25–26. By employing techniques of digital mapping in conjunction with historical syntax, this article helps reconstruct the column’s line-breaks, helps restore the lacunae, and offers a refined reconstruction of the column.

Journal

Dead Sea DiscoveriesBrill

Published: Mar 31, 2016

Keywords: Temple Scroll (11QT a ); textual reconstruction; digital humanities; digital mapping; digital restoration; syntax; theophany; lacunae

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