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Recent Trends in the Scientific Basis of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Trade Rules and Their Potential Impact on Investment

Recent Trends in the Scientific Basis of Sanitary and... and 1. INTRODUCTION The ratification of the 1924 Agreement creating the OlE reflects a desire clearly expressed by the Secretary General of the League of Nations that year. He invited various governments to designate veterinary experts "to examine the health guarantees that could be provided by cattle-exporting countries, the facilities that importing countries could accord on the basis of these guarantees and, in general, to determine the most effective means of enabling statutory veterinary measures to be applied, taking into account the economic interests of exporting countries and without prejudicing the interests of countries wishing to protect themselves against animal diseases". ..."the Economic Committee of the League of Nations thus proposed to facilitate international trade in animals and animal products to try and reverse the often highly overt tendency of numerous countries to use sanitary arguments purely for the purpose of economic protection" (emphasis added) (OlE, 2000). As illustrated by this quote from the official website of thc World Organization for Animal Health (OIE),2 the problem of countries using trade barriers supposedly justified on scientific criteria for nefarious purposes long predates the establishment of the current international institutional architecture in the post-Second World War period. While this institutional http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of World Investment and Trade Brill

Recent Trends in the Scientific Basis of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Trade Rules and Their Potential Impact on Investment

Journal of World Investment and Trade , Volume 12 (1): 22 – Jan 1, 2011

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Publisher
Brill
Copyright
Copyright © Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
ISSN
1660-7112
eISSN
2211-9000
DOI
10.1163/221190011X00094
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

and 1. INTRODUCTION The ratification of the 1924 Agreement creating the OlE reflects a desire clearly expressed by the Secretary General of the League of Nations that year. He invited various governments to designate veterinary experts "to examine the health guarantees that could be provided by cattle-exporting countries, the facilities that importing countries could accord on the basis of these guarantees and, in general, to determine the most effective means of enabling statutory veterinary measures to be applied, taking into account the economic interests of exporting countries and without prejudicing the interests of countries wishing to protect themselves against animal diseases". ..."the Economic Committee of the League of Nations thus proposed to facilitate international trade in animals and animal products to try and reverse the often highly overt tendency of numerous countries to use sanitary arguments purely for the purpose of economic protection" (emphasis added) (OlE, 2000). As illustrated by this quote from the official website of thc World Organization for Animal Health (OIE),2 the problem of countries using trade barriers supposedly justified on scientific criteria for nefarious purposes long predates the establishment of the current international institutional architecture in the post-Second World War period. While this institutional

Journal

Journal of World Investment and TradeBrill

Published: Jan 1, 2011

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