© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2007 DOI: 10.1163/187124107X258419 “Rather French than Subject to the Prince of Orange.” Th e Conﬂicting Loyalties of the Utrecht Catholics during the French Occupation (1672-73) * Bertrand Forclaz Abstract Th e French occupation of Utrecht (1672-73) provides us with an interesting case through which to study diﬀerent regimes of religious coexistence and their eﬀects on interconfessional relation- ships. I argue in this article, on the basis of diaries, letters, pamphlets, consistorial records and edicts of the city council, that the French occupier, in granting the Catholics freedom of worship, contributed to a hardening of interconfessional relationships, by provoking conﬂicts about rituals and the use of churches. Th e occupation brought a new pattern of coexistence: whereas in the United Provinces, the Reformed Church enjoyed a monopoly over religious expression in the public sphere and other faiths were tolerated by connivance, during the occupation both the Catholic and the Reformed faiths had oﬃcial recognition and were practiced publicly. Another reason to study the occupation is that it allows us to learn more about the political aﬃliation of Catholics: did they support the French? Did they consider that Louis XIV would restore them to political
Church History and Religious Culture (formerly Nederlands Archief voor Kerkgeschiedenis) – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2007
Keywords: FRENCH-DUTCH WARS; RELIGIOUS COEXISTENCE; PUBLIC OPINION; CONFESSIONALISM; EARLY MODERN CATHOLICISM
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