© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2009 DOI 10.1163/187598409X405479 Global Responsibility to Protect 1 (2009) 54–69 www.brill.nl/gr2p R2P: A New and Unﬁ nished Agenda Lloyd Axworthy and Allan Rock * firstname.lastname@example.org and Allan.Rock@uottawa.ca Received 16 September 2008, accepted 30 October 2008 Abstract Recent tragedies in Burma, Zimbabwe, Congo and Darfur demonstrate in all too dismaying terms that the international community has a long way to go towards ensuring that when a government manifestly fails to protect its population from a humanitarian catastrophe the pre- cepts of national sovereignty don’t trump human rights. Th e promise of the principle of the “responsibility to protect” (R 2P), embodying the imperative of international action to protect civilians when their own governments fail to do so or are themselves the predators, passed by the World Summit of leaders in 2005, has yet to be fulﬁ lled as a ﬁ rm international norm. Keywords International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty; UN World Summit 2005; climate change; gender; early warning; military intervention; UN Emergency Peace Service; UN Security Council; International Criminal Court; Darfur; Zimbabwe; Burma Introduction Th e impunity with which President Al Bashir in Sudan, President Mugabe in Zimbabwe and the military junta
Global Responsibility to Protect – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2009
Keywords: EARLY WARNING; UN SECURITY COUNCIL; GENDER; BURMA; UN EMERGENCY PEACE SERVICE; CLIMATE CHANGE; INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL COURT; UN WORLD SUMMIT 2005; ZIMBABWE; MILITARY INTERVENTION; INTERNATIONAL COMMISSION ON INTERVENTION AND STATE SOVEREIGNTY; DARFUR
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