Queenship in Late Medieval Bohemia1

Queenship in Late Medieval Bohemia1 JOHN M. KLASSEN QUEENSHIP IN LA TE MEDIEVAL BOHEMIA1 Johanna of Rozmital (d. 1474), second wife of King George Pod6brady of Bohemia, found herself co-ruler in a country ravaged by the religious storms spawned by the Hussite revolution. She and George faced opposition from rival noble families, from ambitious neighboring rulers and from a papacy re- solved not to let stand the limited religious toleration the Hussites had ex- tracted from a reluctant council of Basel. She brought all her personal talents, ties of kinship and a spirit of self-sacrifice to the task of establishing a degree of stability to fifteenth-century Bohemia. The various articles in two recent books 2 have set much of the agenda for the study of late medieval queens. Queens were rulers who fought wars and directed chanceries.3 They initiated marriage projects and controlled the matches of their daughters. 4 The Capetian queens' ability to produce legiti- mate male heirs was especially significant in that dynasty's success. 5 Overall, the estates and succession customs of vari ous lands preferred male rulers. Nevertheless, women could govern tem porarily as regents and could transmit thrones to their sons. Only rarely did women exercise authority in their http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png East Central Europe Brill

Queenship in Late Medieval Bohemia1

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Publisher
Brill
Copyright
© 1993 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
ISSN
0094-3037
eISSN
1876-3308
D.O.I.
10.1163/187633093X00073
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

JOHN M. KLASSEN QUEENSHIP IN LA TE MEDIEVAL BOHEMIA1 Johanna of Rozmital (d. 1474), second wife of King George Pod6brady of Bohemia, found herself co-ruler in a country ravaged by the religious storms spawned by the Hussite revolution. She and George faced opposition from rival noble families, from ambitious neighboring rulers and from a papacy re- solved not to let stand the limited religious toleration the Hussites had ex- tracted from a reluctant council of Basel. She brought all her personal talents, ties of kinship and a spirit of self-sacrifice to the task of establishing a degree of stability to fifteenth-century Bohemia. The various articles in two recent books 2 have set much of the agenda for the study of late medieval queens. Queens were rulers who fought wars and directed chanceries.3 They initiated marriage projects and controlled the matches of their daughters. 4 The Capetian queens' ability to produce legiti- mate male heirs was especially significant in that dynasty's success. 5 Overall, the estates and succession customs of vari ous lands preferred male rulers. Nevertheless, women could govern tem porarily as regents and could transmit thrones to their sons. Only rarely did women exercise authority in their

Journal

East Central EuropeBrill

Published: Jan 1, 1993

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