© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2008 DOI: 10.1163/156973208X290044 International Journal of Public Th eology 2 (2008) 203–222 www.brill.nl/ijpt Public Th eology in the Market State Dean Drayton Charles Sturt University, Australia Abstract Th e accepted view that the modern state arose out of the ‘wars of religion’ is countered with evidence that the late ﬁfteenth century reiﬁcation of the state used a new category of religion as a human universal impulse to disempower the church and contain the church within the bounds of the state. As a further ﬁve successive forms of the state have come into existence new forms of communal and religious life have emerged: ﬁrst, religious toleration; secondly, the development of a new ‘public’ realm; thirdly, the denominational form of church; fourthly, the appearance of mass media; ﬁfthly, the embedding of the private citizen in a media world. In this last context either the church opts to reify the denominational church emphasizing individual democratic religious experience, or it realizes that an eschatological view of the gospel calls it to be a public church with a public theology. Keywords state, reiﬁcation, religion, church, public, media Th e separation of church and state in the emergent democracies
International Journal of Public Theology – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2008
Keywords: MEDIA; PUBLIC; REIFICATION; RELIGION; STATE; CHURCH
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