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Prevention Crisis: The Need for New Consensus at the United Nations

Prevention Crisis: The Need for New Consensus at the United Nations Global Governance 23 (2017), 349–361 THE GLOBAL FORUM Prevention Crisis: The Need for New Consensus at the United Nations Ben Majekodunmi PREVENTION IS INTRINSIC TO THE PREMISE OF THE UNITED NATIONS. UN ACTION is understood as pursuing the three pillars of “peace and security,” “develop- ment,” and “human rights,” but prevention is central to them all. As the world faces possibly the gravest set of crises in the UN’s seventy-one-year history, vital issues regarding the UN role in prevention must be urgently addressed.* A Tipping Point for Prevention In November 1994, my drive across Rwanda found empty villages, the words “Hutu” or “Tutsi” scrawled in chalk on deserted homes, and church floors covered with the dead. The genocide happened during a few hellish months, but it was the culmination of long-term discrimination and violence that no one had seen fit to stop. The terrible failure of prevention led to com- mitment from the UN to do better. Improvements followed—such as a greater focus on human rights and political mediation of disputes—with unnoticed successes because prevention is often invisible. However, the decades since the genocide have also seen many more conflicts and millions of deaths. Today, all world regions have http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Global Governance: A Review of Multilateralism and International Organizations Brill

Prevention Crisis: The Need for New Consensus at the United Nations

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Publisher
Brill
Copyright
Copyright © Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
ISSN
1075-2846
eISSN
1942-6720
DOI
10.1163/19426720-02303002
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Global Governance 23 (2017), 349–361 THE GLOBAL FORUM Prevention Crisis: The Need for New Consensus at the United Nations Ben Majekodunmi PREVENTION IS INTRINSIC TO THE PREMISE OF THE UNITED NATIONS. UN ACTION is understood as pursuing the three pillars of “peace and security,” “develop- ment,” and “human rights,” but prevention is central to them all. As the world faces possibly the gravest set of crises in the UN’s seventy-one-year history, vital issues regarding the UN role in prevention must be urgently addressed.* A Tipping Point for Prevention In November 1994, my drive across Rwanda found empty villages, the words “Hutu” or “Tutsi” scrawled in chalk on deserted homes, and church floors covered with the dead. The genocide happened during a few hellish months, but it was the culmination of long-term discrimination and violence that no one had seen fit to stop. The terrible failure of prevention led to com- mitment from the UN to do better. Improvements followed—such as a greater focus on human rights and political mediation of disputes—with unnoticed successes because prevention is often invisible. However, the decades since the genocide have also seen many more conflicts and millions of deaths. Today, all world regions have

Journal

Global Governance: A Review of Multilateralism and International OrganizationsBrill

Published: Aug 19, 2017

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