5 Prelude to Okinawa: Nuclear Agreements and the Return of the Ogasawara Islands to Japan Robert D. Eldridge Osaka University Diplomacy, like law, is very much based on precedents. In the case of the United States’ return of administrative rights over Okinawa to Japan in May 1972, two particularly important precedents were at work—the re- turn of the Amami Islands, just north of Okinawa, in December 1953, and of the Bonin, or Ogasawara, Islands in June 1968. 1 Like Okinawa, both island groups were administratively separated from Japan by Ar- ticle 3 of the 1951 allied Treaty of Peace with Japan whereby the United States gained administrative rights over them while Japan retained “re- sidual sovereignty.” 2 In most writing and research on Japan, within and beyond the coun- try, the return of the Ogasawara Islands, defined herein to include those islands, Chichi Jima, and Haha Jima, as well as the Volcano Islands The Journal of American–East Asian Relations, Vol. 15 (2008) © Copyright 2008 by Imprint Publications. All rights reserved. This article is based on my paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society for the Historians of American Foreign Relations, 23 June 2007, Chantilly, Va.
Journal of American-East Asian Relations – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2008
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