INTRODUCTION This article examines policy transfer as an important mechanism for policy change in oceans governance. Since it entered into force in 1994, the Law of the Sea Convention (LOSC) has obligated signatories to demonstrate that they can effectively manage the resources within their Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZs). This article focuses primarily on the Australian response to fulfill its obligation to the LOSC through the development of Australia's Oceans Policy (AOP), and the transfer of key policy components to Canadian and New Zealand ocean initiatives. This article argues that government officials (or civil servants/bureaucrats) were essential agents of change who formed networks that contributed to successful policy transfer in oceans management. The study of oceans governance is multidisciplinary, yet it is often viewed from a narrower environmental, legal or scientific perspective. Political scientists have paid little attention to oceans governance despite it being a policy focus for many nations. Over the past decade, numerous coastal States have begun developing and implementing "oceans policies," often utilizing similar approaches, aims and institutional processes. While these oceans policies have resulted in policy change in oceans resource management, there has been little focus on how this change has come about. Policy transfer
Ocean Yearbook Online – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1
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