Book Reviews / Religion and the Arts 13 (2009) 146–158 149 Blumenfeld-Kosinski, Renate. Poets, Saints, and Visionaries of the Great Schism, 1378–1417 . University Park PA: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2006. Pp. xiv + 240 + 14 illustrations + 2 maps. $50.00 cloth. F or almost seventy years the popes resided at Avignon on the banks of the Rhone far removed from the diocese of which they were bishops. Th e return of the pope to Rome in 1376 gave hope that this chapter in the church’s life was over and that the status quo ante would be resumed. Pope Gregory XI, who bravely brought the papacy back to Rome in the face of much criticism from cardinals and the French nobility, died shortly after his return. Th e two elections of 1378 produced two claimants to the papal title and the Great Schism. Questions still persist. Who was truly elected pope in 1378—Bartolomeo Prignano, the Italian archbishop of Bari, or the French cardinal Robert of Geneva? Each took a papal name and num- ber: Urban VI, who stayed in Rome, and Clement VII, who returned to Avignon. Th en after 1409 another claimant was added to the
Religion and the Arts – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2009
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