JANOS KRISTÓF NYIRI (Budapest, Hungary) Philosophy and Suicide-Statistics in Austria-Hungary * Since the beginning of the last decade, the suicide rate in Hungary has con- sistently exceeded that of every other nation. Moreover, while in the last fif- teen years the rates of other countries remained virtually constant, that of Hungary rose from 26 per 100,000 of the population in 1960 to 41.1 in 1974. This phenomenon admits of no simple or obvious explanation. The present statistics do, however, reflect an increase over and above a rate already high, and obtain in a country where striking suicide figures are by no means a nov- elty. The average suicide rate in Hungary for the years 1931-35 was, for ex- ample, 32.9 per 100,000. The rate for Budapest was, in the 1880s and even more in the 1930s, higher than it was in 1974. A fact which also deserves attention is that for a long time now, Austria and Czechoslovakia have recorded suicide rates exceeded only by that of Hungary. In the 1920s and 1930s, Austria and Hungary were first and second respectively. (Czechoslovakia did not, at that time, publish information re- garding suicides.) The long-time prominence of the successor
East Central Europe – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1978
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