Sybille Rulf Université du Québec à Montréal (UQAM) Phenomenological Contributions on Schizophrenia: A Critical Review and Commentary on the Literature between 1980-2000 ABSTRACT After a brief perusal of the various meanings of phenomenology in psychopathology, the contributions to schizophrenia of phe- nomenological psychology (psychiatry) in the European sense are reviewed. The last twenty years are deemed fr uitful and pro- ductive. Following the central themes and motives of this litera- ture allows u s to come to a different and perhaps w ider understanding of schizophrenia than that proposed currently by mainstream psychiatr y. These diverse investigations converge in seeing as the core of schizophrenia the disorders related to inter- subjectivity and ipseity (mineness), in turn related to what Bleuler had once called Autism. Finally, a critical discussion of the limita- tions and the strengths of the phenomenological approach is offered. The field of Clinical Psychology (Psychopathology) overlaps in considerable measure, depending on method and emphasis favored, with that of Psychiatry. This presents certain problems linked to the various uses and meanings of the term “phenomenology” in Psychiatry. One can distinguish at least three differ- ent meanings of the term—two of which appear most relevant for our purposes
Journal of Phenomenological Psychology – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2003
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