Pharisaic and Sadducean Halakhah in Light of the Dead Sea Scrolls

Pharisaic and Sadducean Halakhah in Light of the Dead Sea Scrolls PHARISAIC AND SADDUCEAN HALAKHAH IN LIGHT OF THE DEAD SEA SCROLLS The Case of Tevul Yom LAWRENCE H. SCHIFFMAN New York University The halakhic term 0'" 51:)tO, literally "one who was immersed on that day," is used in tannaitic literature to describe a person who has immersed but who has yet to experience the setting of the sun (nightfall) on the final day of his or her purification period. Such individuals were considered to be in an intermediate state between purity and impurity, such that they retained some of the restrictions of their impure state, while acquiring already some of the rights of one who had completed the purificatory rites. 1 We will first establish the definition of this category in Rabbinic halakhah and then proceed to discuss the manner in which Qumran legal texts deal with this issue. We will see that this question is in reality a Pharisee-Sadducee debate, and this conclusion, in turn, will reflect on the antiquity of the various tannaitic teachings we discuss. At the outset it is important to clarify the use of the terms "Pharisaic" and "Sadducean" in this study. We use these terms to designate two trends in Jewish law http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Dead Sea Discoveries Brill

Pharisaic and Sadducean Halakhah in Light of the Dead Sea Scrolls

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Publisher
BRILL
Copyright
© 1994 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
ISSN
0929-0761
eISSN
1568-5179
D.O.I.
10.1163/156851794X00121
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

PHARISAIC AND SADDUCEAN HALAKHAH IN LIGHT OF THE DEAD SEA SCROLLS The Case of Tevul Yom LAWRENCE H. SCHIFFMAN New York University The halakhic term 0'" 51:)tO, literally "one who was immersed on that day," is used in tannaitic literature to describe a person who has immersed but who has yet to experience the setting of the sun (nightfall) on the final day of his or her purification period. Such individuals were considered to be in an intermediate state between purity and impurity, such that they retained some of the restrictions of their impure state, while acquiring already some of the rights of one who had completed the purificatory rites. 1 We will first establish the definition of this category in Rabbinic halakhah and then proceed to discuss the manner in which Qumran legal texts deal with this issue. We will see that this question is in reality a Pharisee-Sadducee debate, and this conclusion, in turn, will reflect on the antiquity of the various tannaitic teachings we discuss. At the outset it is important to clarify the use of the terms "Pharisaic" and "Sadducean" in this study. We use these terms to designate two trends in Jewish law

Journal

Dead Sea DiscoveriesBrill

Published: Jan 1, 1994

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