© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2008 DOI: 10.1163/156852507X235209 Mnemosyne 61 (2008) 414-435 www.brill.nl/mnem Personiﬁcation Allegory in the Aeneid and Ovid’s Metamorphoses * ) Dunstan M. Lowe University of Reading, Department of Classics, Whiteknights, PO Box 218, Reading, RG6 6AA, United Kingdom firstname.lastname@example.org Received: January 2007; accepted: March 2007 Abstract Th is article will show that Ovid’s well-known innovations in the use of personiﬁcation allegory combine closely with those of Virgil, to form a distinctive ‘Augustan’ phase in the development of allegory in classical literature. Both Ovid and Virgil make ﬁctional abstractions concrete and ontologically ambiguous. Innovations common to both the Aeneid and Metamorphoses constitute an impor- tant stage in the emergence of ‘compositional allegory’, in the wake of the Roman adoption of Stoicising interpretative reading practices in the course of the ﬁrst century BC. Both epics involve Furies as models for their major personiﬁed abstractions, both in narrative role and in concrete detail. Uniquely in and to Roman literature, Furies changed from supernatural beings into personiﬁed abstractions. Th is change, enabled by the semantic replacement of proper names such as Erinys or Eumenis with the word Furia (‘frenzy’), produced new depth and complexity in the form and metaliterary
Mnemosyne – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2008
Keywords: PERSONIFICATION; ALLEGORY; METAMORPHOSES; FURIES; AENEID; EPIC
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