Personification Allegory in the Aeneid and Ovid's Metamorphoses

Personification Allegory in the Aeneid and Ovid's Metamorphoses © Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2008 DOI: 10.1163/156852507X235209 Mnemosyne 61 (2008) 414-435 www.brill.nl/mnem Personification Allegory in the Aeneid and Ovid’s Metamorphoses * ) Dunstan M. Lowe University of Reading, Department of Classics, Whiteknights, PO Box 218, Reading, RG6 6AA, United Kingdom d.m.lowe@reading.ac.uk Received: January 2007; accepted: March 2007 Abstract Th is article will show that Ovid’s well-known innovations in the use of personification allegory combine closely with those of Virgil, to form a distinctive ‘Augustan’ phase in the development of allegory in classical literature. Both Ovid and Virgil make fictional abstractions concrete and ontologically ambiguous. Innovations common to both the Aeneid and Metamorphoses constitute an impor- tant stage in the emergence of ‘compositional allegory’, in the wake of the Roman adoption of Stoicising interpretative reading practices in the course of the first century BC. Both epics involve Furies as models for their major personified abstractions, both in narrative role and in concrete detail. Uniquely in and to Roman literature, Furies changed from supernatural beings into personified abstractions. Th is change, enabled by the semantic replacement of proper names such as Erinys or Eumenis with the word Furia (‘frenzy’), produced new depth and complexity in the form and metaliterary http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Mnemosyne Brill

Personification Allegory in the Aeneid and Ovid's Metamorphoses

Mnemosyne , Volume 61 (3): 414 – Jan 1, 2008

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Publisher
BRILL
Copyright
© 2008 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
ISSN
0026-7074
eISSN
1568-525X
D.O.I.
10.1163/156852507X235209
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2008 DOI: 10.1163/156852507X235209 Mnemosyne 61 (2008) 414-435 www.brill.nl/mnem Personification Allegory in the Aeneid and Ovid’s Metamorphoses * ) Dunstan M. Lowe University of Reading, Department of Classics, Whiteknights, PO Box 218, Reading, RG6 6AA, United Kingdom d.m.lowe@reading.ac.uk Received: January 2007; accepted: March 2007 Abstract Th is article will show that Ovid’s well-known innovations in the use of personification allegory combine closely with those of Virgil, to form a distinctive ‘Augustan’ phase in the development of allegory in classical literature. Both Ovid and Virgil make fictional abstractions concrete and ontologically ambiguous. Innovations common to both the Aeneid and Metamorphoses constitute an impor- tant stage in the emergence of ‘compositional allegory’, in the wake of the Roman adoption of Stoicising interpretative reading practices in the course of the first century BC. Both epics involve Furies as models for their major personified abstractions, both in narrative role and in concrete detail. Uniquely in and to Roman literature, Furies changed from supernatural beings into personified abstractions. Th is change, enabled by the semantic replacement of proper names such as Erinys or Eumenis with the word Furia (‘frenzy’), produced new depth and complexity in the form and metaliterary

Journal

MnemosyneBrill

Published: Jan 1, 2008

Keywords: PERSONIFICATION; ALLEGORY; METAMORPHOSES; FURIES; AENEID; EPIC

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