Perception and judgement of whispered vocalisations Jasmin Cirillo 1) & Dietmar Todt (Institute of Biology/Behavioural Biology, Free University of Berlin, Haderslebener Str. 9, 12163 Berlin, Germany) (Accepted: 27 January 2005) Summary Whispering is regarded as a close-contact vocalisation which, in structural terms, clearly dif- fers from normal (phonated) speech. Here, we present the first experimental evidence for specific functional differences that additionally exist between these two forms of human vo- cal communication. Such evidence was collected by an inquiry into the perception and also the social judgement of whispered vocalisations. Subjects were young adults (mainly stu- dents; N = 202) who were exposed to auditory stimuli which, for exclusion of verbal effects, were given in artificial vocal patterns only. To test for possible social effects, our stimuli (whispered phrases or, for control, phonated phrases) simulated exposures to three socially different situations: ‘monologues’, ‘dialogues’, and ‘dialogues including laughter’. Evalua- tion of self-report data collected after each stimulation revealed that only the whispered stim- uli received significant numbers of socially negative judgements or votes, that documented ‘feelings of social segregation’. Such judgements were most frequent after exposures to ‘di- alogues including laughter’, but less frequent after ‘monologues’. Taken together our
Behaviour – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2005
Keywords: AFFILIATION AND BONDING; WHISPERING; UNVOICED SPEECH; INGROUP-OUTGROUP EFFECTS; NONVERBAL COMMUNICATION
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