© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2009 DOI: 10.1163/157180609X432879 International Negotiation 14 (2009) 393–418 brill.nl/iner Peaceful Management of International River Claims Marit Brochmann* Department of Political Science, University of Oslo, P.O. Box 1097, Blindern, Oslo 0317, Norway and Centre for the Study of Civil War (CSCW), PRIO (E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org) Paul R. Hensel ** Department of Political Science, University of North Texas, P.O. Box 305340 Denton, TX 76203-5340, USA (E-mail: email@example.com) Received 4 April 2008; accepted 13 August 2008 Abstract As global water scarcity increases, both scholars and leaders have suggested that water will be a leading cause of future armed conﬂ ict. Yet other scholars argue that states typically cooperate rather than ﬁ ght to manage their shared water resources. We address these arguments by examining the management of internationally shared rivers in the Americas, Western Europe, and the Middle East from 1900–2001. We propose hypotheses on the factors that lead states to become involved in disagreements over shared rivers as well as the factors that lead them to negotiate over these disagreements. Heckman probit analysis suggests that water scarcity – found by past work to be an important inﬂ uence on armed conﬂ ict over rivers – is
International Negotiation – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2009
Keywords: WATER SCARCITY; TRANSBOUNDARY RIVERS; FRESHWATER; CONFLICT MANAGEMENT; TREATIES; INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTIONS
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