PATTERNS AND PECULIARITIES OF ISLAMIC REFORM IN AFRICA by ROMAN LOIMEIER (University of Bayreuth) ABSTRACT African Muslim societies were characterised, in the 20th century, by the emerg- ence of reformist movements that have gained, since the 1970s, major social, reli- gious and political in uence in a number of countries, including Northern Nigeria, Senegal, Zanzibar and Sudan. These movements of reform are, however, not recent phenomena. Rather, they look back to a history of several generations of reformist endeavour and thought that may have been in uenced, to a certain extent, by external sources of inspiration. This contribution shows how the biogra- phies of major reformist personalities such as Cheikh Touré in Senegal, Abubakar Gumi in Northern Nigeria and ’ Abdallâh Sâlih al-Farsy in East Africa re ect a number of common features of Islamic reform in Africa, while their programmes of reform were shaped, at the same time, by local frame conditions. * * * Introduction The development of African Muslim societies was characterised, in the 20th century, by the emergence of reformist movements that have gained considerable social, religious and political in uence in a num- ber of African countries, including Northern Nigeria, Sudan and Zanzibar.
Journal of Religion in Africa – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2003
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