Get 20M+ Full-Text Papers For Less Than $1.50/day. Start a 14-Day Trial for You or Your Team.

Learn More →

Parliamentary Diplomacy in the Chinese Constitution and Foreign Policy

Parliamentary Diplomacy in the Chinese Constitution and Foreign Policy China’s diplomacy has a dual source of influence: China’s written constitution; and its unwritten political rules. Under this framework, China’s parliamentary diplomacy is generally considered an important part of its overall diplomatic policy. With the strengthening of the political position of the National People’s Congress ( npc ) and the reforms of its internal system, many forms of parliamentary diplomacy have been created inside the npc , such as high-level contacts and mechanisms for regular inter-parliamentary exchanges. The npc has also been actively engaging in multilateral diplomacy, including the Inter-Parliamentary Union ( ipu ), to enhance its international presence. In this process, the npc is gradually breaking away from its stereotypical role as a ‘rubber stamp’ and has partially restored its constitutional authority. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Hague Journal of Diplomacy Brill

Parliamentary Diplomacy in the Chinese Constitution and Foreign Policy

The Hague Journal of Diplomacy , Volume 11 (2-3): 253 – Mar 11, 2016

Parliamentary Diplomacy in the Chinese Constitution and Foreign Policy


* Research for this article was sponsored by the China Scholarship Council’s Programme for State-Funded Postgraduates’ Overseas Study (No. 201406360080). The opinions expressed here are those of the author alone. Parts of this article have been published in the Chinese academic journal World Economics and Politics , no. 11 (2015). The author gratefully acknowledges Professor Paul Chaleff and Dr Peng Chun for their kind help with language. Introduction As the supreme organ of Chinese state power, the National People’s Congress ( npc ) and its Standing Committee have been entrusted with extensive diplomatic powers, 1 including jus bellum dicendi , treaty-making, appointing diplomatic agents, passing diplomatic legislation, approving the budget for diplomatic activities and conducting international exchanges. These powers can be divided into two broad categories. On the one hand, the npc is committed to controlling and supervising the government’s diplomacy through legislation, appointments and fiscal policy. Under such circumstances, the npc uses its diplomatic power indirectly, in order to ensure that governmental diplomacy is in accord with the Chinese constitution and the national interest. On the other hand, the npc can also directly engage in foreign affairs, such as through high-level contacts and inter-parliamentary exchanges. In this case, the npc has become a prominent diplomatic actor rather than a bystander and supervisor. This type of the npc ’s international engagement, in its broadest sense, could be considered as its parliamentary diplomacy. The concept of parliamentary diplomacy was not accepted in Chinese official documents until the late 1980s, 2 but the npc had begun its foreign communications as early as when it was established in 1954. Speaking at the npc ’s conference in 1956, Premier Zhou Enlai (周恩来) said that ‘exchanges between congresses and congressmen among different...
Loading next page...
 
/lp/brill/parliamentary-diplomacy-in-the-chinese-constitution-and-foreign-policy-HJGZ4fBxol
Publisher
Brill
Copyright
© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
ISSN
1871-1901
eISSN
1871-191X
DOI
10.1163/1871191X-12341329
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

China’s diplomacy has a dual source of influence: China’s written constitution; and its unwritten political rules. Under this framework, China’s parliamentary diplomacy is generally considered an important part of its overall diplomatic policy. With the strengthening of the political position of the National People’s Congress ( npc ) and the reforms of its internal system, many forms of parliamentary diplomacy have been created inside the npc , such as high-level contacts and mechanisms for regular inter-parliamentary exchanges. The npc has also been actively engaging in multilateral diplomacy, including the Inter-Parliamentary Union ( ipu ), to enhance its international presence. In this process, the npc is gradually breaking away from its stereotypical role as a ‘rubber stamp’ and has partially restored its constitutional authority.

Journal

The Hague Journal of DiplomacyBrill

Published: Mar 11, 2016

Keywords: diplomatic power; parliamentary diplomacy; China, National People’s Congress ( npc ); Inter-Parliamentary Union ( ipu )

There are no references for this article.