Paidagogos: the Social Setting of a Pauline Metaphor

Paidagogos: the Social Setting of a Pauline Metaphor PAIDAGOGOS: THE SOCIAL SETTING OF A PAULINE METAPHOR by NORMAN H. YOUNG Aristotle, perhaps correctly, observed that "everything said metaphorically is unclear" (?av Yap cXcrlXcpÈÇ r6 xoc-r& ¡.LE.'tlXcpopà\l If this is true, then it is vital to have a clear under- standing of the meaning and background of the terms used in a metaphor. Lack of such knowledge can only exacerbate whatever obscurity is already inherent in such a figure of speech. When Paul declared that 6 v6yoq 1tIXLOIXYWYOÇ Y€?ovev E.1ç XpiJ<6v (Gal. 3:24), he used an image that possessed an ancient and rich background. Though the earliest attested literary example is found in Herodotus,2 there can be little doubt that the rudiments of the role of a pedagogue go back to the archaic period.3 By Paul's day this originally Attic custom was still widely employed; not only by the Greeks, but also by the Romans. Indeed, a pedagogue may even have been used by well-to-do Jews, for it is frequent as a loan word in the Jewish sources.4 The custom, then, of placing one's child[ren] in the care and oversight of a trusted slave was a continuous (and ever widening) practice from the fifth century B.C. until http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Novum Testamentum Brill

Paidagogos: the Social Setting of a Pauline Metaphor

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Publisher
BRILL
Copyright
© 1987 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
ISSN
0048-1009
eISSN
1568-5365
D.O.I.
10.1163/156853687X00047
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

PAIDAGOGOS: THE SOCIAL SETTING OF A PAULINE METAPHOR by NORMAN H. YOUNG Aristotle, perhaps correctly, observed that "everything said metaphorically is unclear" (?av Yap cXcrlXcpÈÇ r6 xoc-r& ¡.LE.'tlXcpopà\l If this is true, then it is vital to have a clear under- standing of the meaning and background of the terms used in a metaphor. Lack of such knowledge can only exacerbate whatever obscurity is already inherent in such a figure of speech. When Paul declared that 6 v6yoq 1tIXLOIXYWYOÇ Y€?ovev E.1ç XpiJ<6v (Gal. 3:24), he used an image that possessed an ancient and rich background. Though the earliest attested literary example is found in Herodotus,2 there can be little doubt that the rudiments of the role of a pedagogue go back to the archaic period.3 By Paul's day this originally Attic custom was still widely employed; not only by the Greeks, but also by the Romans. Indeed, a pedagogue may even have been used by well-to-do Jews, for it is frequent as a loan word in the Jewish sources.4 The custom, then, of placing one's child[ren] in the care and oversight of a trusted slave was a continuous (and ever widening) practice from the fifth century B.C. until

Journal

Novum TestamentumBrill

Published: Jan 1, 1987

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