PAIDAGOGOS: THE SOCIAL SETTING OF A PAULINE METAPHOR by NORMAN H. YOUNG Aristotle, perhaps correctly, observed that "everything said metaphorically is unclear" (?av Yap cXcrlXcpÈÇ r6 xoc-r& ¡.LE.'tlXcpopà\l If this is true, then it is vital to have a clear under- standing of the meaning and background of the terms used in a metaphor. Lack of such knowledge can only exacerbate whatever obscurity is already inherent in such a figure of speech. When Paul declared that 6 v6yoq 1tIXLOIXYWYOÇ Y€?ovev E.1ç XpiJ<6v (Gal. 3:24), he used an image that possessed an ancient and rich background. Though the earliest attested literary example is found in Herodotus,2 there can be little doubt that the rudiments of the role of a pedagogue go back to the archaic period.3 By Paul's day this originally Attic custom was still widely employed; not only by the Greeks, but also by the Romans. Indeed, a pedagogue may even have been used by well-to-do Jews, for it is frequent as a loan word in the Jewish sources.4 The custom, then, of placing one's child[ren] in the care and oversight of a trusted slave was a continuous (and ever widening) practice from the fifth century B.C. until
Novum Testamentum – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1987
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