OSCE preventive diplomacy in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia1 Norman Anderson2 The international community can claim success in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. It has helped this small country escape the turmoil of much of the rest of former Yugoslavia. The newly independent state represents a case study of the benefits of early action by international organizations - the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) initially, followed quickly by the United Nations - to prevent spillover of the war in Bosnia and promote political stability. It may never be possible to demonstrate the precise degree to which the oscE and UN made the difference. Nevertheless, the end results reflect a realiza- tion of basic international aims. FYR Macedonia has above all enjoyed peace. It boasts a democratically elected Parliament and President. It is moving deliber- ately toward a market economy. It has survived as a healthy, functioning multi- ethnic and multiconfessional state. Even the cowardly failed assassination attempt against President Kiro Gligorov on 3 October 1995 could not shake faith in the future. Although the country is still susceptible to outside pressures as well as internal tensions, prospects are now more favorable than ever
Helsinki Monitor (in 2008 continued as Security and Human Rights) – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1999
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