ORIGEN'S CONTRA CELSUM AND JOSEPHUS' CONTRA APIONEM: THE ISSUE OF JEWISH ORIGINS BY LOUIS H. FELDMAN 1. Introduction: Issues The influence of Josephus upon the Church Fathers is profound, as a perusal of Schreckenberg's work' clearly indicates; and this will un- doubtedly explain why, despite the fact that the overwhelming majority of classical literature is lost, apparently all of Josephus' writings have come down to us. This influence is due primarily to the Testimonium Flavianum (Antiquities 18.63-64), the passage about Jesus ascribed to Josephus, and to the vivid description in the Jewish War of the destruc- tion of the Temple, which Christians interpreted as fulfillment of the prediction ascribed to Jesus (John 2:19) and as divine punishment in- flicted upon the Jews for their rejection of Jesus. If, however, we ex- amine the citations from Josephus in the Church Fathers, we find, as we would expect, a huge number from the Jewish War and from the An- tiquities but very few from the Life, presumably because it has no direct connection with either of the Christian motifs noted above (and this will explain why no translation of this treatise was made into Latin). At first glance, the number
Vigiliae Christianae – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1990
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