ON THE ACOUSTIC BASIS OF RECOGNITION OF THE MOTHER HEN BY THE CHICK IN THE DOMESTIC FOWL (GALLUS GALLUS) by J. P. KENT (Ballyrichard House, Arklow, Co. Wicklow, Ireland) (Acc. 15-V-1988) Introduction Several studies have shown that auditory and especially auditory-visual stimuli elicit following during the first several days after hatching (BOYD & FABRICIUS, 1965; FISCHER, 1972; GOTTLIEB, 1963, 1971; SMITH & BIRD, 1963). WHITE & DEL RIO PESADO (1983) found that while auditory cues initiate following, visual cues play a role in sustaining it. EVANS (1972) has shown that conspicuous visual stimuli when presented in association with auditory stimuli such as a recording of the words "brupp" or "cluck" will result in the development of auditory discrimination. COWAN (1974) with two individually distinct clucks obtained similar results. While chicks are attracted to repetitive sounds of low frequency, the cluck of the broody hen has an optimal quality rate and loudness (COLLIAS & Joos, 1953). Naive chicks will approach the species specific maternal call in preference to other maternal calls (RAMSAY & HESS, 1954; GOTTLIEB, 1965). ALLEN (1977, 1979) found similar evidence of species recognition in willow grouse. RAMSAY (1951) found that 2 day old chicks could find
Behaviour – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1989
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