Observations On the Desiccation Survival of Second Stage Juveniles of the Rice Cyst Nematodes, Heterodera Sacchari, H. Oryzae and H. Oryzicola

Observations On the Desiccation Survival of Second Stage Juveniles of the Rice Cyst Nematodes,... OBSERVATIONS ON THE DESICCATION SURVIVAL OF SECOND STAGE JUVENILES OF THE RICE CYST NEMATODES, HETERODERA SACCHARI, H. ORYZAE AND H. ORYZICOLA BY S. K. IBRAHIM and R. N. PERRY Entomology and Nematology Department, AFRC IACR, Rothamsted Experimental Station, Harpenden, Herts, AL5 2JQ, UK The effects of different relative humidities (RH) on the survival of second stage juveniles (J2) of Heterodera sacchari, H. oryzae and H. oryzicola were examined. Hatched juveniles were able to withstand desiccation at all humidities tested for minutes only; H. oryzae was slightly better at surviving desiccation than the other two species. J2 were able to survive longer periods of desic- cation inside the egg-shell compared with free J2. An examination of the rate of water loss of hatched H. sacchari and H. oryzicola at different RHs showed that both species were unable to control their rate of drying, especially at low RH, and were dependent on high humidity (98% RH) for slow water loss. The results indicate that these nematodes have no intrinsic ability to control water loss and survive desiccation. Keywords: desiccation survival, water loss, hatching. Rice is traditionally and widely grown in tropical and subtropical regions. In India, Rao & Jayaprakash (1978) http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Nematologica Brill

Observations On the Desiccation Survival of Second Stage Juveniles of the Rice Cyst Nematodes, Heterodera Sacchari, H. Oryzae and H. Oryzicola

Nematologica , Volume 38 (1-4): 328 – Jan 1, 1992

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Publisher
Brill
Copyright
© 1992 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
ISSN
0028-2596
eISSN
1875-2926
D.O.I.
10.1163/187529292X00298
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

OBSERVATIONS ON THE DESICCATION SURVIVAL OF SECOND STAGE JUVENILES OF THE RICE CYST NEMATODES, HETERODERA SACCHARI, H. ORYZAE AND H. ORYZICOLA BY S. K. IBRAHIM and R. N. PERRY Entomology and Nematology Department, AFRC IACR, Rothamsted Experimental Station, Harpenden, Herts, AL5 2JQ, UK The effects of different relative humidities (RH) on the survival of second stage juveniles (J2) of Heterodera sacchari, H. oryzae and H. oryzicola were examined. Hatched juveniles were able to withstand desiccation at all humidities tested for minutes only; H. oryzae was slightly better at surviving desiccation than the other two species. J2 were able to survive longer periods of desic- cation inside the egg-shell compared with free J2. An examination of the rate of water loss of hatched H. sacchari and H. oryzicola at different RHs showed that both species were unable to control their rate of drying, especially at low RH, and were dependent on high humidity (98% RH) for slow water loss. The results indicate that these nematodes have no intrinsic ability to control water loss and survive desiccation. Keywords: desiccation survival, water loss, hatching. Rice is traditionally and widely grown in tropical and subtropical regions. In India, Rao & Jayaprakash (1978)

Journal

NematologicaBrill

Published: Jan 1, 1992

Keywords: hatching; water loss; desiccation survival

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