Observational Study of Behavior: Sampling Methods

Observational Study of Behavior: Sampling Methods OBSERVATIONAL STUDY OF BEHAVIOR: SAMPLING METHODS by JEANNE ALTMANN 1) (Allee Laboratory of Animal Behavior, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.A.) (Rec. 15-III-1973) CONTENTS Page I. Introduction ................. 227 II. Sampling variables ............... 23? III. Ad libitum sampling .............. 235 IV. Sociometric matrix completion ............ 240 V. Focal-animal sampling .............. 242 VI. Sampling all occurrences of some behaviors ......... 247 VII. Sequence sampling ............... 248 VIII. One-zero sampling ............... 251 IX. Instantaneous and scan sampling ............ 258 Summary .................. 261 Bibliography ................. 262 Zusammenfassung ............... 265 I. INTRODUCTION This is an observer's guide: in it I will present sampling methods for use in direct observation of spontaneous social behavior in groups of men or other animals. All observational sampling methods known to me will be described, and their uses and limitations indicated. A. SCOPE In what follows I shall assume that the observer has a group of sponta- neously interacting individuals to watch, that he has formulated one or more questions about social behavior, that he knows what behaviors he wishes to study, and that he has found suitable methods for recording such behaviors. 1) During the preparation of this paper the author was supported by research grants http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Behaviour Brill

Observational Study of Behavior: Sampling Methods

Behaviour, Volume 49 (3-4): 227 – Jan 1, 1974

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Publisher
Brill
Copyright
© 1974 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
ISSN
0005-7959
eISSN
1568-539X
D.O.I.
10.1163/156853974X00534
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

OBSERVATIONAL STUDY OF BEHAVIOR: SAMPLING METHODS by JEANNE ALTMANN 1) (Allee Laboratory of Animal Behavior, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.A.) (Rec. 15-III-1973) CONTENTS Page I. Introduction ................. 227 II. Sampling variables ............... 23? III. Ad libitum sampling .............. 235 IV. Sociometric matrix completion ............ 240 V. Focal-animal sampling .............. 242 VI. Sampling all occurrences of some behaviors ......... 247 VII. Sequence sampling ............... 248 VIII. One-zero sampling ............... 251 IX. Instantaneous and scan sampling ............ 258 Summary .................. 261 Bibliography ................. 262 Zusammenfassung ............... 265 I. INTRODUCTION This is an observer's guide: in it I will present sampling methods for use in direct observation of spontaneous social behavior in groups of men or other animals. All observational sampling methods known to me will be described, and their uses and limitations indicated. A. SCOPE In what follows I shall assume that the observer has a group of sponta- neously interacting individuals to watch, that he has formulated one or more questions about social behavior, that he knows what behaviors he wishes to study, and that he has found suitable methods for recording such behaviors. 1) During the preparation of this paper the author was supported by research grants

Journal

BehaviourBrill

Published: Jan 1, 1974

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