Notes and news PAUL SCHUITEMA t With the death of Paul Schuitema (27 February i8g?-25 October 1973), one of the pioneers of the new functional typography of the twenties and thirties has passed away. Together with Piet Zwart, who taught in Rotterdam, and Gerrit Kiljan, who was his colleague at the academy in The Hague, Schuitema developed, both as a practising typographer and as a teacher, the specifically Dutch variety of that international style which was directly linked with the general concepts of design of Neue Sachlichkeit, functionalism, the Bauhaus and the De Stijl movement - neglecting, for present purposes, the differences between these various terms and movements. The exact sequence of events, influences and reactions leading up to the formation of this style has not yet been established. Fortunately, however, the last few years have given us numerous studies on individual artists or aspects of their work, making valuable contributions to our understanding of this period of intense and very intricately interconnected activities. If the reader will permit a rather dubious use of agricultural metaphor, we might say that Dada ploughed the soil in German typography, in which Lissitsky then sowed, as a representative of the Russian
Quaerendo – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1974
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