PAPERS/ETUDES RONALD M. SMELSER (Salt Lake City, Utah, U.S.A.) Nazis Without Hitler: The DNSAP and the First Czechoslovak Republic The Deutsche Nationalsozialistische Arbeiterpartei (DNSAP) represents the reconstitution in 1918 within the boundaries of the new Czechoslovak state of the old Austrian Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (DAP). The DAP, a radical, nationalist labor party, had been formed in 1904 as an expression of resis- tance against the influx of cheap Czech labor into the Bohemian industrial areas of the Habsburg Empire. As such it filled a gap created by the refusal of Austrian Social Democracy, the prime spokesman for the working classes, to abandon its internationalist tenets. As Whiteside has pointed out, the DAP with its anti-Slav, anti-semitic, anti-liberal, and anti-Christian stance antici- pated in many ways the later National Socialism of Adolf Hitler.' The DNSAP, which continued the ideas and program of its predecessor, could also . be seen, in many ways quite legitimately, within the general context of the origins and rise of German National Socialism. Especially during the late twenties the party emerges largely as an across-the border adjunct of the Hitler party.2 For several reasons, however, it is useful to examine the DNSAP within a somewhat different
East Central Europe – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1977
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