Nationality, Minorities and Statelessness The Case of the Baltic States' Kees Groenendijk Introduction Currently residing in the three Baltic States are large numbers of people who were formerly citizens of the USSR but who have not acquired the nationality of their present country of residence. At present more than one and half million persons living in the Baltic States are aliens: about 450,000 in Lithuania, 400,000 in Estonia and 800,000 in Latvia. In Lithuania 13 % of the population are aliens, in Estonia 26 % and in Latvia about 33 % . Most of those people are de facto or de iure stateless. The large majority of those persons are of Russian origin. Others originate from the Ukraine, Belorus, Poland or other countries. Since its second Helsinki Summit of 1992 the CSCE has increasingly been involved with the issue of minorities in the Baltic States. The ODHIR mission to Estonia and the first mission of the CScE High Commissioner on National Minorities to the Baltic States and to Moscow are two examples of that involvement.2 In their 1992 Helsinki Decisions the CSCE states recognized "that everyone has the right to a nationality" and stated that they "will, as
Helsinki Monitor (in 2008 continued as Security and Human Rights) – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1993
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