Muslims in Christian Countrysides: Reassessing Exaricus Tenures in Eastern Iberia

Muslims in Christian Countrysides: Reassessing Exaricus Tenures in Eastern Iberia © Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2011 DOI : 10.1163/157006711X579867 Medieval Encounters 17 (2011) 233-320 brill.nl/me Medieval Jewish, Christian and Muslim Culture Encounters in Confluence and Dialogue Muslims in Christian Countrysides: Reassessing Exaricus Tenures in Eastern Iberia Thomas W. Barton * College of Arts and Sciences, Department of History, University of San Diego, KIPJ 262, 5998 Alcalá Park, San Diego, CA 92110, USA *E-mail: barton@sandiego.edu Abstract This article re-examines a form of tenancy on Christian-ruled lands in eastern Iberia usually held by Muslims, termed exarici in Latin documentation, that has received little focused attention or trans-regional analysis. Some previous scholarship has insisted that exaricus tenures were relatively uniform adaptations of pre-conquest Andalusi agricultural practices that consequently could not carry a juridical status. This study instead argues that in at least some sectors of the countryside there were two forms of exaricus tenures with different institutional origins and circumstances. Subsets of each of these groups of tenants suffered from servile conditions instituted by landlords, custom, or contracts. Using overlooked and reinterpreted evidence drawn from multiple regions and time periods, this article finds that exaricus tenures were highly diversified, shaped by lords and prospective tenants in response to shifts in the http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Medieval Encounters Brill

Muslims in Christian Countrysides: Reassessing Exaricus Tenures in Eastern Iberia

Medieval Encounters, Volume 17 (3): 233 – Jan 1, 2011

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Publisher
Brill
Copyright
© 2011 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
ISSN
1380-7854
eISSN
1570-0674
D.O.I.
10.1163/157006711X579867
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2011 DOI : 10.1163/157006711X579867 Medieval Encounters 17 (2011) 233-320 brill.nl/me Medieval Jewish, Christian and Muslim Culture Encounters in Confluence and Dialogue Muslims in Christian Countrysides: Reassessing Exaricus Tenures in Eastern Iberia Thomas W. Barton * College of Arts and Sciences, Department of History, University of San Diego, KIPJ 262, 5998 Alcalá Park, San Diego, CA 92110, USA *E-mail: barton@sandiego.edu Abstract This article re-examines a form of tenancy on Christian-ruled lands in eastern Iberia usually held by Muslims, termed exarici in Latin documentation, that has received little focused attention or trans-regional analysis. Some previous scholarship has insisted that exaricus tenures were relatively uniform adaptations of pre-conquest Andalusi agricultural practices that consequently could not carry a juridical status. This study instead argues that in at least some sectors of the countryside there were two forms of exaricus tenures with different institutional origins and circumstances. Subsets of each of these groups of tenants suffered from servile conditions instituted by landlords, custom, or contracts. Using overlooked and reinterpreted evidence drawn from multiple regions and time periods, this article finds that exaricus tenures were highly diversified, shaped by lords and prospective tenants in response to shifts in the

Journal

Medieval EncountersBrill

Published: Jan 1, 2011

Keywords: New Catalonia; Exaricus; peasantry; Crown of Aragon; lordship

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