© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2005 Exchange 34,4 Also available online – www.brill.nl 1 The ﬁ rst version of this paper was presented at the Urban Life in 20th Century Africa Conference on 13 March 2004 at Trinity College, Cambridge, UK. Special thanks to Ford Foundation and Isaac Newton Trust of Cambridge for funding my six months Visiting Research Fellowship from October 2003 to March 2004 at the Centre of African Studies, University of Cambridge. Many thanks also to the Centre sta ﬀ , Dr. John Lonsdale, Prof. Birgit Meyer and participants at the conference for their comments. 2 The Azusa Street Revival of 1906 is taken by many, e.g. W. Cesar, ‘From Babel to Pentecost: A socio-historical-theological study of the growth of Pentecostalism’, in: A. Corten and R. Marshall-Fratani (eds.), Between Babel and Pentecost: Transnational Pentecostalism in Africa and Latin America , London: Hurst and Company 2001, 22-40, as the beginning of Pentecostal Christianity. However, the view taken by E. A. Wilson, ‘They Crossed the Red Sea, Didn’t They? Critical History and Pentecostal Beginnings,’ in: The Globalisation of Pentecostalism: A Religion Made to Travel , Carlisle: Regnum Books International 1999, 112, that there had been expressions of
Exchange – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2005
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