© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, DOI: 10.1163/187124109X408023 CHRC .- () – Church History and Religious Culture www.brill.nl/chrc Michael the Syrian and Syriac Orthodox Identity Dorothea Weltecke Abstract This paper discusses the concept of Syriac Orthodox identity in the chronicle by Michael the Great as it is expressed in terms for the self-designation (like mhaymn¯e , Sury¯oy¯e ) and in the structure of the narrative. The heritage of the ancient Near East, based on the ethnical and historical conception of the Arameans (including the Chaldeans and the ¯ Otur¯oy¯e as well as the ¯ Or¯om¯oy¯e ) since the times of the ancient empires was a very important element of the identity. Just as important to him was the historical legitimacy of the Orthodox Church as a group excluding other Aramaic-speaking Christians. This conception of identity was complex, dialectic, and multi-layered, comprising ethnic, historic, cultural, and religious elements. Not unlike modern people, he and the members of the Syriac Orthodox communities participated in diﬀerent and overlapping cultures and identities throughout the Syriac Orthodox world. The Syriac Orthodox identity had been under polemical attack for a long time, against which both historical and theological answers were formulated over the centuries.
Church History and Religious Culture (formerly Nederlands Archief voor Kerkgeschiedenis) – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2009
Keywords: ARAMEANS; MICHAEL THE GREAT; CHALDEANS; RUM ORTHODOX; SYRIAC ORTHODOX CHURCH; SURYOYE; OTUROYE; CHRONOGRAPHY
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