Method and Th eory in the Study of Religion 19 (2007) 72-120 © Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2007 DOI: 11.1163/157006807X222541 www.brill.nl/mtsr M E T H O D T H E O R Y in the S T U D Y O F R E L I G I O N & Metaphors and Asceticism: Asceticism as an Antidote to Symbolic Th inking Th ore Bjørnvig Fensmarkgade 43, 2. tv, DK-2200 Copenhagen N, Denmark E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Abstract By using current theories of metaphor and blending, combined with Nietzsche’s theory of meta- phor as “Übertragung” it is probable that the result of mystically oriented, eremitic asceticism is a de-reiﬁcation, or radical de(con)struction, of cognitively and culturally entrenched metaphors. Th is de-reiﬁcation is seen in light of meme-theory and the idea of language being a virus. Keywords ascetic, asceticism, cognitive psychology, comparative methods, conceptual blending theory, evolutionary psychology, meme-theory, metaphor, metaphor theory, mysticism, Mi la ras pa, Nietzsche , socio-biology, Übertragung Introduction In the article “Asceticism, Religion and Biological Evolution” Johannes Bronk- horst points out a new direction for comparative research in asceticism by help of sociobiology and evolutionary psychology. Bronkhorst addresses the ques- tion of how asceticism can exist in
Method & Theory in the Study of Religion – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2007
Keywords: comparative methods; metaphor theory; conceptual blending theory; metaphor; meme-theory; Mi la ras pa, Nietzsche; cognitive psychology; asceticism; mysticism; evolutionary psychology; ascetic; Übertragung; socio-biology
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