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Metacommunication in social play: the meaning of aggression-like elements is modified by play face in Hanuman langurs ( Semnopithecus entellus )

Metacommunication in social play: the meaning of aggression-like elements is modified by play... The metacommunication hypothesis asserts that some elements of play behaviour are associated with play elements borrowed from aggression and interpret these aggression-like elements as playful. Using data from free living Hanuman langurs ( Semnopithecus entellus ), we tested three predictions that follow from the metacommunication hypothesis: (i) aggression-like elements (ALEs) abbreviate play bouts; (ii) candidate signal elements are sequentially associated with ALEs; (iii) associations of candidate signal elements with ALEs prolong play bouts. Play face and five other candidate signal elements were evaluated in relation to nine ALEs. We confirmed all three predictions for play face, albeit only if the play face and/or the ALEs occurred at the start of the play bout. The other candidate elements were not associated with ALEs. We conclude that play face fulfils the metacommunicatory function in Hanuman langur play bouts, while other play specific elements may serve other signal or non-signal functions. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Behaviour Brill

Metacommunication in social play: the meaning of aggression-like elements is modified by play face in Hanuman langurs ( Semnopithecus entellus )

Behaviour , Volume 153 (6-7): 795 – Jan 1, 2016

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Publisher
Brill
Copyright
Copyright 2016 by Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands.
Subject
Regular articles
ISSN
0005-7959
eISSN
1568-539X
DOI
10.1163/1568539X-00003327
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The metacommunication hypothesis asserts that some elements of play behaviour are associated with play elements borrowed from aggression and interpret these aggression-like elements as playful. Using data from free living Hanuman langurs ( Semnopithecus entellus ), we tested three predictions that follow from the metacommunication hypothesis: (i) aggression-like elements (ALEs) abbreviate play bouts; (ii) candidate signal elements are sequentially associated with ALEs; (iii) associations of candidate signal elements with ALEs prolong play bouts. Play face and five other candidate signal elements were evaluated in relation to nine ALEs. We confirmed all three predictions for play face, albeit only if the play face and/or the ALEs occurred at the start of the play bout. The other candidate elements were not associated with ALEs. We conclude that play face fulfils the metacommunicatory function in Hanuman langur play bouts, while other play specific elements may serve other signal or non-signal functions.

Journal

BehaviourBrill

Published: Jan 1, 2016

Keywords: play behaviour; communication; function of play signals; facial display; social play; sequential analysis; aggression; intention

References

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