MEDITERRANEAN VEGETATION IN CALIFORNIA AND ISRAEL: SIMILARITIES AND DIFFERENCES

MEDITERRANEAN VEGETATION IN CALIFORNIA AND ISRAEL: SIMILARITIES AND DIFFERENCES Major Mediterranean vegetation types of California and Israel were compared. These included woodland, matorral, phrygana, montane belts, riparian, and ecotones with the desert. Major differences in life form spectra, physiognomy, species richness, fire adaptations, leaf traits, the altitudinal sequence of montane belts and floras were summarized. In some cases it was possible to speculate that differences in the above traits are correlated with differences in climate, soil, fire frequency and human history. The matorral (chaparral, maquis) was emphasized. In comparison to Israel, California matorral is shorter in stature, has a more complete canopy closure, is richer in woody taxa and poorer in herbaceous taxa, has fewer deciduous elements, exhibits more specialized adaptations to fue, is under-represented in retamoid species and has a more spinescent overstorey but a less spinescent understorey of associated chamaephytes and hemi-cryptophytes. In California, the matorral continues through the montane belt to the subalpine one, but in the eastern Mediterranean it is restricted to the colline (foothill) belt and is replaced in the montane by deciduous forest. It is postulated that the differences in vegetation between California and Israel are due in part to the contemporary difference in their climate, but also to differences in their paleoecology. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Israel Journal of Plant Sciences Brill

MEDITERRANEAN VEGETATION IN CALIFORNIA AND ISRAEL: SIMILARITIES AND DIFFERENCES

Loading next page...
 
/lp/brill/mediterranean-vegetation-in-california-and-israel-similarities-and-DWE2WJgESi
Publisher
BRILL
Copyright
Copyright © Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
ISSN
0792-9978
D.O.I.
10.1080/0021213X.1981.10676914
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Major Mediterranean vegetation types of California and Israel were compared. These included woodland, matorral, phrygana, montane belts, riparian, and ecotones with the desert. Major differences in life form spectra, physiognomy, species richness, fire adaptations, leaf traits, the altitudinal sequence of montane belts and floras were summarized. In some cases it was possible to speculate that differences in the above traits are correlated with differences in climate, soil, fire frequency and human history. The matorral (chaparral, maquis) was emphasized. In comparison to Israel, California matorral is shorter in stature, has a more complete canopy closure, is richer in woody taxa and poorer in herbaceous taxa, has fewer deciduous elements, exhibits more specialized adaptations to fue, is under-represented in retamoid species and has a more spinescent overstorey but a less spinescent understorey of associated chamaephytes and hemi-cryptophytes. In California, the matorral continues through the montane belt to the subalpine one, but in the eastern Mediterranean it is restricted to the colline (foothill) belt and is replaced in the montane by deciduous forest. It is postulated that the differences in vegetation between California and Israel are due in part to the contemporary difference in their climate, but also to differences in their paleoecology.

Journal

Israel Journal of Plant SciencesBrill

Published: May 13, 1981

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off