Book review Me Alpine, J. F., Peterson, B. V., Shewell, G.E., Tes- key, H. J., Vockeroth, J. R. & Wood, D. M. (editors): Manual of Nearctic Diptera, vol. 1. 1981. � Agriculture Canada Monograph No. 27, Cat. No. A54+3/27E. - 674 sid., 2026 fig., Can. doll. 48:-. (Canadian Government Publishing Centre, Supply and Services Canada, Hull, Quebec K1A OS9, Canada). Manual of Nearctic Diptera will be published in two volumes. 52 specialists from various parts of the world will be responsible for the presenta- tion of the 108 families and 2150 genera occurring in Canada, U.S.A., Greenland and Bermuda. The work is richly illustrated with superb figures drawn by the skilful artist Ralph Idema. In vol. I we find a comprehensive chapter on Morphology and terminology, adults, by J. F. McAlpine. The terminology is modern and there- fore differs substantially from that of most older taxonomic works on Diptera, but numerous sy- nonyms will help to identify the old terms. It would be desirable if the terminology of the book could be accepted by all taxonomists, resulting in a deminishing of the existing confusion. This will surely not be the immediate result because of the present disagreement about the homolo- gies of the male genitalia of the Cyclorrhapha, the epandrial and periandrial theories, and the fact that McAlpine accepts a further theory ad- vanced by Hennig (see: Griffiths, Bull. Ent. Soc. Canada 13: 49-55, 1981 ). A corresponding chap- ter on the Morphology and terminology, larvae, is written by H. J. Teskey. Then follows key to families, adults and larvae, and chapters on 24 nematocerous and 19 brachycerous (Orthorrha- pha) families. The chapters on the families contain descrip- tions of the particularities of the families, mor- phology of adults, larvae and pupae, biology, behaviour, classification and distribution, key to the genera, adults and, if opossible, larvae and pupae, and references. The chapters are well illustrated, especially to make it easy to use the keys. The used classification is largely conservative with such unnatural groupings as Acalyptratae and Calyptratae and does not reflect the most recent phylogenetic classifications. Volume 2 will treat the 65 families of Brachy- cera Cyclorrhapha as well as evolution, phylo- geny, habits and environment. The Manual is an inspiring product, useful for the specialist, indispensable for the younger di- pterist and valuable as a handbook on Diptera for all institutions and biologists in general. Hugo Andersson
Insect Systematics & Evolution – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1983
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