Marked intra-genomic variation and pseudogenes in the ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 rDNA of Symphurus plagiusa (Pleuronectiformes: Cynoglossidae)

Marked intra-genomic variation and pseudogenes in the ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 rDNA of Symphurus plagiusa... The eukaryotic ribosomal DNA (rDNA) cluster consists of multiple copies of three genes (18S, 5.8S, and 28S rDNA) and two internal transcribed spacers (ITS1 and ITS2). In recent years, an increasing number of rDNA sequence polymorphisms have been identified in numerous species. In the present study, we provide 33 complete ITS (ITS1-5.8S-ITS2) sequences from two Symphurus plagiusa individuals. To the best of our knowledge, these sequences are the first detailed information on ITS sequences in Pleuronectiformes. Here, two divergent types (Type A and B) of the ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 rDNA sequence were found, which mainly differ in sequence length, GC content, nucleotide diversity (π), secondary structure and minimum free energy. The ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 rDNA sequence of Type B was speculated to be a putative pseudogene according to pseudogene identification criteria. Cluster analysis showed that sequences from the same type clustered into one group and two major groups were formed. The high degree of ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 sequence polymorphism at the intra-specific level indicated that the S. plagiusa genome has evolved in a non-concerted evolutionary manner. These results not only provide useful data for ribosomal pseudogene identification, but also further contribute to the study of rDNA evolution in teleostean genomes. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Animal Biology Brill

Marked intra-genomic variation and pseudogenes in the ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 rDNA of Symphurus plagiusa (Pleuronectiformes: Cynoglossidae)

Animal Biology, Volume 68 (4): 13 – Oct 10, 2018

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Publisher
Brill
Copyright
Copyright © Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
ISSN
1570-7555
eISSN
1570-7563
D.O.I.
10.1163/15707563-17000134
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The eukaryotic ribosomal DNA (rDNA) cluster consists of multiple copies of three genes (18S, 5.8S, and 28S rDNA) and two internal transcribed spacers (ITS1 and ITS2). In recent years, an increasing number of rDNA sequence polymorphisms have been identified in numerous species. In the present study, we provide 33 complete ITS (ITS1-5.8S-ITS2) sequences from two Symphurus plagiusa individuals. To the best of our knowledge, these sequences are the first detailed information on ITS sequences in Pleuronectiformes. Here, two divergent types (Type A and B) of the ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 rDNA sequence were found, which mainly differ in sequence length, GC content, nucleotide diversity (π), secondary structure and minimum free energy. The ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 rDNA sequence of Type B was speculated to be a putative pseudogene according to pseudogene identification criteria. Cluster analysis showed that sequences from the same type clustered into one group and two major groups were formed. The high degree of ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 sequence polymorphism at the intra-specific level indicated that the S. plagiusa genome has evolved in a non-concerted evolutionary manner. These results not only provide useful data for ribosomal pseudogene identification, but also further contribute to the study of rDNA evolution in teleostean genomes.

Journal

Animal BiologyBrill

Published: Oct 10, 2018

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