Maritime Routes in the Arctic: Examining the Level of Traffic and Port Capabilities along the Northern Sea Route

Maritime Routes in the Arctic: Examining the Level of Traffic and Port Capabilities along the... Maritime Routes in the Arctic: Examining the Level of Traffic and Port Capabilities along the Northern Sea Route Dimitrios Dalaklis Maritime Safety and Environmental Administration, World Maritime University, Malmö, Sweden Evi Baxevani Department of Shipping, Trade and Transport, University of the Aegean, Chios, Greece Introduction Until recently, the Arctic was not considered a promising field for economic activities for a rather self-explanatory reason: dire year-long environmental conditions that, at a minimum, severely hindered or even completely blocked the necessary access and transport connections. It is no coincidence that, for the last couple of decades, when referring to the worldwide volume of mari- time traffic, the total contribution of the Arctic region was (and still remains) rather small;1 the Arctic Ocean was kept virtually isolated by thick multiyear ice, strong winds, and polar darkness. It is true that these adverse weather conditions never prevented military vessels and aircraft from operating in the Arctic. This was due to the important strategic advantages the region offered such as being the perfect hideout - loca tion for submarines able to launch a nuclear strike, or providing the shortest flight path between Russia and the United States of America, which could be 1 United http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Ocean Yearbook Online Brill

Maritime Routes in the Arctic: Examining the Level of Traffic and Port Capabilities along the Northern Sea Route

Ocean Yearbook Online, Volume 31 (1): 30 – Jan 1, 2017

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Publisher
Brill
Copyright
Copyright © Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
eISSN
2211-6001
D.O.I.
10.1163/22116001-03101006
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Maritime Routes in the Arctic: Examining the Level of Traffic and Port Capabilities along the Northern Sea Route Dimitrios Dalaklis Maritime Safety and Environmental Administration, World Maritime University, Malmö, Sweden Evi Baxevani Department of Shipping, Trade and Transport, University of the Aegean, Chios, Greece Introduction Until recently, the Arctic was not considered a promising field for economic activities for a rather self-explanatory reason: dire year-long environmental conditions that, at a minimum, severely hindered or even completely blocked the necessary access and transport connections. It is no coincidence that, for the last couple of decades, when referring to the worldwide volume of mari- time traffic, the total contribution of the Arctic region was (and still remains) rather small;1 the Arctic Ocean was kept virtually isolated by thick multiyear ice, strong winds, and polar darkness. It is true that these adverse weather conditions never prevented military vessels and aircraft from operating in the Arctic. This was due to the important strategic advantages the region offered such as being the perfect hideout - loca tion for submarines able to launch a nuclear strike, or providing the shortest flight path between Russia and the United States of America, which could be 1 United

Journal

Ocean Yearbook OnlineBrill

Published: Jan 1, 2017

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