Marine Invasive Species in North America: Impacts, Pathways and Management

Marine Invasive Species in North America: Impacts, Pathways and Management Environment and Coastal Management Lesley A. MacDougall, Robin McCall, Kenneth A. Douglas, Trisha A. Cheney, Melanie Oetelaar, Kevin Squires, Citlalli V. Alvarez Saules, Hussein Alidina, Esther Nagtegaal-Cunningham, Sean C. Weseloh McKeane, Jeffrey Joseph Y. Araula, Nasiruddin Md. Humayun, Shaun Lawson, Nancy C. Chiasson, Gloria C. Diaz, Talia A. Choy, Kofi E. Ankamah, Boaz 0. Ohowa, Allen T. Toribio, Juan]. del Toro Marine Affairs Program Students 2003-2004, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada Robert 0. Fournier and Christopher T. Taggart Oceanography Department and Marine Affairs Program, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada INTRODUCTION Species invasions into marine habitats, including range expansions and propagation in non-native ecosystems, occur naturally and as a result of human activities and are documented for five continents_! The introduction of invasive species is considered a major threat to marine and coastal environments as the rapid reproduction and competitive advantage of invasives allows them to dominate local ecosystems to the detriment of native species, thereby resulting in environmental alterations, human health impacts and economic losses worldwide. 2 Preventative measures, along with * Our sincere thanks to two anonymous reviewers for providing insightful comments that have greatly improved this article. 1. N. Bax, A. Williamson, M. Aguero, E. Gonzales, and W. Ocean Yearbook Online Brill

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Copyright 2006 by Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
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