Malay Nationalism, Islamic Supremacy and the Constitutional Bargain in the Multi-ethnic Composition of Malaysia JACLYN LING-CHIEN NEO* 1. Introduction In the 30 years since independence, Islam has become increasingly prominent in the public domain of Malaysia, which is a multi-ethnic and multi-religious federation. This may be attributed to the influence of a worldwide Islamic revival and the consequent politicization of Islam by Malaysian opposition political parties, particularly Partai Islam Semalaysia (PAS). The Federal and state governments, under the leadership of the ruling United Malay National Organisation (UMNO)-led government responded by adopting policies designed to out-Islamicise PAS, to retain Malay support and UMNO’s role as the champion of the Malay cause. Most notably, this included a dec- laration in 2002 that Malaysia was already an Islamic state (since it had a dominantly Muslim population). This alienated the non-Malays, as this push towards increased Islamicization at the governmental level betrays the government’s commitment to multi-culturalism and multi-ethnicity as part of the constitutional bargain. There are three major ethnic groups in Malaysia. The Malays, who are considered indigenous to Malaysia, constitute about 54 percent of the population. The Chinese and the Indians, who were economic migrants under British colonial rule, constitute
International Journal on Minority and Group Rights – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2006
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera