87 REVIEW OF BOOKS M. MCNAMARA M.S.C., Targum and Testament: Aramaic Paraphrases of the Hebrew Bible : A Light on the New Testament, Irish University Press, Shannon 1972, 227 pp., cloth £ 3,-/American imprint: Eerdmans, Grand Rapids, Mich., 227 pp., paper $ 3,45 (In an introductory chapter ("Ancient Jewish Writings") the author stresses the importance of the Palestinian Targum to the Pentateuch for New Testament studies, defending the antiquity of the tradition laid down in this targum literature against FITZMYER'S criticisms. The first part of the book speaks at some length of the development of doctrine and law in Israel, particularly in the post- exilic period and contains furthermore sections on the Synagogue and Synagogue Worship, Aramaic as the Language of the Jews, Early Written Targums, Characteristics of Targumic Renderings, Origin and Transmis- sion of the Palestinian Targum and the Date of the Palestinian Targum. In the second part of the work (on the relation of the Palestinian Targum to the New Testament) the author avoids as far as possible those subjects treated of in his dissertation The ,\7e2p Testament and the Palestinian Targum to the Pentateuch, Rome 1966. The sections of this part, in which the impor- tance of the Palestinian Targum to the Pentateuch for the New Testament is exemplified, bear the following headings : Reverential Manner in Speaking of God; God and Creation; The Holy Spirit; The Father in Heaven; Sin and Virtue; Eschatology; The Targums and Johannine Literature and Other Passages. An introduction to all extant targums has been added as an appendix. In this section the chapter on the geography of Neofiti which deals in some details with the non-biblical names of places and peoples found in the codex is expecially noteworthy. The book, which is written in an agreeable style and which contains good indexes, can be recommended as a valuable introduction to targum literature and its implications for New Testament studies). VDW. A. MERTENS, Das Buch Daniel im Lichte der Texte vom Toten Meer (Stuttgarter Biblische Monographien 12), Echter Verlag, Würzburg/Verlag Katholisches Bibelwerk, Stuttgart 1971, kart. DM 32,- 'This dissertation, accepted in 1968 by the Catholic Theological Faculty of the Johannes Gutenberg University of Mainz, deals with the relationship between the Daniel literature and the Qumran writings and tries to shed new light from the latter on the canonical book. After a short review of the modern Daniel research (chap. I) and a survey of Qumran literature (chapt. II) the author deals in chapt. III with the Daniel fragments from Qumran (which show substantially the later masoretic text type), the Prayer of Nabonidus and the fragments of Pseudo-Daniel (cf. RB 63 (1956), pp. 407-415). MERTENS in general follows R. MEYER'S translation and interpretation of the latter two documents, stating on the basis of 4Q Nab that "möglicherweise ... die Erzdhlung des jetzigen Kapitels Dan 4 in einem frühen Stadium nur den Traum vom Weltenbaum und seine Deutung enthalten (hat)" (p. 41). Chapters IV-VII, dealing successively with the quotations from and the allusions to the book of Daniel in Qumran literature, the angelology, the
Journal for the Study of Judaism – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1973
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