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Local Naturalism

Local Naturalism Contemporary Pragmatism Vol. 6, No. 2 (December 2009), 1­23 Editions Rodopi © 2009 Lawrence Cahoone I argue that a "local naturalism" can escape the common criticisms of naturalism. Adopting Buchler's pluralism as a metalanguage, it rejects the notion that the validity of a metaphysical analysis of a thing hangs on the valid characterization of the most inclusive order in which it participates (e.g. the Whole or Simples). Given this, naturalism is at least locally true. Nature is then pluralistically conceived, as in British Emergentism, as a family of orders ­ the physical, material, biological, mental, and cultural ­ with concepts of reduction and emergence revised by Wimsatt. This essay argues for a naturalistic philosophy, understood in a novel way. The reason for reformulating naturalism is to answer, or blunt, various traditional and recent objections to naturalism. This will distance the naturalism herein from common forms of naturalism, including those which some have held to be obvious, intuitive, or valid without argument; that is, naturalism will not be conceived as a "natural ontological attitude," a non-metaphysical default position, or the view of the world that is left over once one declares metaphysics obsolete (Fine 1991). Naturalism is one metaphysical http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Contemporary Pragmatism Brill

Local Naturalism

Contemporary Pragmatism , Volume 6 (2): 1 – Apr 21, 2009

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Publisher
Brill
Copyright
© Copyright 2009 by Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
ISSN
1572-3429
eISSN
1875-8185
DOI
10.1163/18758185-90000114
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Contemporary Pragmatism Vol. 6, No. 2 (December 2009), 1­23 Editions Rodopi © 2009 Lawrence Cahoone I argue that a "local naturalism" can escape the common criticisms of naturalism. Adopting Buchler's pluralism as a metalanguage, it rejects the notion that the validity of a metaphysical analysis of a thing hangs on the valid characterization of the most inclusive order in which it participates (e.g. the Whole or Simples). Given this, naturalism is at least locally true. Nature is then pluralistically conceived, as in British Emergentism, as a family of orders ­ the physical, material, biological, mental, and cultural ­ with concepts of reduction and emergence revised by Wimsatt. This essay argues for a naturalistic philosophy, understood in a novel way. The reason for reformulating naturalism is to answer, or blunt, various traditional and recent objections to naturalism. This will distance the naturalism herein from common forms of naturalism, including those which some have held to be obvious, intuitive, or valid without argument; that is, naturalism will not be conceived as a "natural ontological attitude," a non-metaphysical default position, or the view of the world that is left over once one declares metaphysics obsolete (Fine 1991). Naturalism is one metaphysical

Journal

Contemporary PragmatismBrill

Published: Apr 21, 2009

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