LEXICAL GLEANINGS FROM MACHKALASHEN GOURGEN MELIKIAN Yerevan Machkalashen (Arm. Uw6Qwjw2hfi) is a picturesque comer of Artsakh or the Mountainous Karabakh Republic, a village situated in the Martuni region, in the south. This small village is full of the Armenian antiquities. The church of Amaras (5th cen- tury AD), near the village, was, according to the local tradition, the first Armenian school established by Mesrop Mashtots, the founder of the Armenian Alphabet, in 408. The inhabitants of Machkalashen have a very archaic and simple mode of life; the hard- ships of the recent war have made them become more conservative in their everyday life and more traditional in regard to their culture and world-view. The language of this people is one of the local varieties of the Karabakh dialect of the Armenian language. It has not any essential differences in grammar and phonetical aspect with the other subdivisions of the Karabakh dialect. The peculiarities of the lan- guage of Machkalashen are revealed mainly in its vocabulary distinguished by the number of Iranian borrowings in comparison with the other local patois of Karabakh. During my recent field expedition to Machkalashen, I recorded a certain amount of lexical materials, a small
Iran and the Caucasus – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1999
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