LETTERS FROM MISSIONARIES AT PEKING RELATING TO THE MACARTNEY EMBASSY (1793-1803) BY E. H. PRITCHARD. On Wednesday, September 26, 1792, a British Embassy under Lord Macartney sailed from Portsmouth for China. Its causes and motives were very diverse and complex, but most of them are either directly or indirectly revealed in the instructions given to the Ambassador To a certain extent the Embassy was but a part of the general policy of encouraging commercial and industrial expansion adopted by the government of William Pitt the younger after his rise to power in 178-1. Behind it on the one hand was the pressure of industrial interests at home demanding new markets ; on the other hand there were the burdens and interruptions to trade at Canton which at times seemed to endanger the very existence of the almost invaluable tea trade. It was influenced by the expansion of British power in India, and by the desires of the country traders (private British and Indian merchants who traded 1) Macartney's instructions are to be fonnd in: 3IsS. India Oflice, C!tina, XCI, Whiteha)), September 8, 1792; 12SS. Cornell, ?llizetzrt;iell Correspondence, IV, \os. l:i? - 58 ; H. B. Morse, Chronicles of
T'oung Pao – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1934
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