Leon J. WEINBERGER, Early Synagogue Poets in the Balkans. Critical Edition with Introduction and Commentary, Hebrew Union College Press, Cincinnati, 1988, 213 pp. (hebrew) and 10 pp. (English introduction). Paper, n.p., ISBN 0-87820-208-0

Leon J. WEINBERGER, Early Synagogue Poets in the Balkans. Critical Edition with Introduction and... 119 REVIEW OF BOOKS Marco TREVES, The Dates of the Psalms. History and Poetry in Ancient Israel, Giardini Editori e Stampatori in Pisa, Pisa 1988, 109 S., brosch., k. Pr. Nach einer kurzen Einleitung, in der Verf. seine Kriterien far die Da- tierung der Psalmen erörtert, behandelt er die einzelnen Psalmen in ma- soretischer Reihenfolge. Er versucht glaubhaft zu machen, das die biblischen Psalmen mit wenigen Ausnahmen (Ps.45; 72) aus der Zeit 170- 103 v. Chr. stammen. Sie gäben also Auskünfte über die j3dische Ge- schichte des 2. vorchristlichen Jahrhunderts. Ganz abgesehen von der ungenilgenden Begründung dieser These, scheitert sie an litera- risch-historischen, archdologischen und formkritischen Kriterien. Nicht nur die Chronikbücher, sondern auch dltere Teile des Alten Testaments, zitieren biblische Psalmen, aus Qumrân kennen wir Psalmenhandschrif- ten aus dem 2. vorchristlichen Jahrhundert, und die unter den Rollen vom Toten Meer zutage getretenen oder sonstwo bezeugten spätpersi- schen bzw. fr3hhellenistischen Psalmen zeigen, abgesehen von biblischen Anleihen, nicht mehr die klassischen Gattungen des biblischen Psalters. Das Buch geh6rt ins Raritätenkabinett. A.S. VAN DER WOUDE REVIEW OF BOOKS Leon J. WEINBERGER, Early Synagogue Poets in the Balkans. Critical Edition with Introduction and Commentary, Hebrew Union College Press, Cincinnati, 1988, 213 pp. (hebrew) and 10 pp. (English introduction). Paper, n.p., ISBN 0-87820-208-0. In recent years WEINBERGER'S studies of Hebrew poetry in Greece, Anatolia and the Balkans have revealed that several highly competent poets lived in these regions. In this publication he presents a critical edi- tion of compositions of three early Jewish poets from the Balkans who flourished in the llth-l2th centuries: Moses b. Hiyya, Joseph b. Jacob Qalai and Isaac b. Judah. Their piyyutim can be found in 13th-15th- century manuscripts and 16th-century printed editions of the Mahzor Romania as well as in the Genizah collection. Appended are several com- positions by Shabbetai ben Mordecai ( 1 3th century) and Abraham Cohen ben Marino (Corfu, 12th century). WEINBERGER has again succeeded to reconstruct an important part of the corpus of Hebrew and Aramaic poetry from Balkan Byzantium and we look forward to see his publication on Karaite and Rabbanite Piyyut in Balkan Byzantium (cf. also L.J. WEINBERGER, "Hebrew Poetry from the Byzantine Empire, A Survey of Recent and Current Research", Bulletin of Judaeo-Greek Studies 3 (1988), pp. 18-20). W.Jac. VAN BEKKUM http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal for the Study of Judaism Brill

Leon J. WEINBERGER, Early Synagogue Poets in the Balkans. Critical Edition with Introduction and Commentary, Hebrew Union College Press, Cincinnati, 1988, 213 pp. (hebrew) and 10 pp. (English introduction). Paper, n.p., ISBN 0-87820-208-0

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© 1989 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
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Abstract

119 REVIEW OF BOOKS Marco TREVES, The Dates of the Psalms. History and Poetry in Ancient Israel, Giardini Editori e Stampatori in Pisa, Pisa 1988, 109 S., brosch., k. Pr. Nach einer kurzen Einleitung, in der Verf. seine Kriterien far die Da- tierung der Psalmen erörtert, behandelt er die einzelnen Psalmen in ma- soretischer Reihenfolge. Er versucht glaubhaft zu machen, das die biblischen Psalmen mit wenigen Ausnahmen (Ps.45; 72) aus der Zeit 170- 103 v. Chr. stammen. Sie gäben also Auskünfte über die j3dische Ge- schichte des 2. vorchristlichen Jahrhunderts. Ganz abgesehen von der ungenilgenden Begründung dieser These, scheitert sie an litera- risch-historischen, archdologischen und formkritischen Kriterien. Nicht nur die Chronikbücher, sondern auch dltere Teile des Alten Testaments, zitieren biblische Psalmen, aus Qumrân kennen wir Psalmenhandschrif- ten aus dem 2. vorchristlichen Jahrhundert, und die unter den Rollen vom Toten Meer zutage getretenen oder sonstwo bezeugten spätpersi- schen bzw. fr3hhellenistischen Psalmen zeigen, abgesehen von biblischen Anleihen, nicht mehr die klassischen Gattungen des biblischen Psalters. Das Buch geh6rt ins Raritätenkabinett. A.S. VAN DER WOUDE REVIEW OF BOOKS Leon J. WEINBERGER, Early Synagogue Poets in the Balkans. Critical Edition with Introduction and Commentary, Hebrew Union College Press, Cincinnati, 1988, 213 pp. (hebrew) and 10 pp. (English introduction). Paper, n.p., ISBN 0-87820-208-0. In recent years WEINBERGER'S studies of Hebrew poetry in Greece, Anatolia and the Balkans have revealed that several highly competent poets lived in these regions. In this publication he presents a critical edi- tion of compositions of three early Jewish poets from the Balkans who flourished in the llth-l2th centuries: Moses b. Hiyya, Joseph b. Jacob Qalai and Isaac b. Judah. Their piyyutim can be found in 13th-15th- century manuscripts and 16th-century printed editions of the Mahzor Romania as well as in the Genizah collection. Appended are several com- positions by Shabbetai ben Mordecai ( 1 3th century) and Abraham Cohen ben Marino (Corfu, 12th century). WEINBERGER has again succeeded to reconstruct an important part of the corpus of Hebrew and Aramaic poetry from Balkan Byzantium and we look forward to see his publication on Karaite and Rabbanite Piyyut in Balkan Byzantium (cf. also L.J. WEINBERGER, "Hebrew Poetry from the Byzantine Empire, A Survey of Recent and Current Research", Bulletin of Judaeo-Greek Studies 3 (1988), pp. 18-20). W.Jac. VAN BEKKUM

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Journal for the Study of JudaismBrill

Published: Jan 1, 1989

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