© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2011 DOI: 10.1163/187416611X580697 Journal of Egyptian History 4 (2011) 1–39 brill.nl/jeh Le Traité égypto-hittite de paix et d’alliance entre les rois Ramsès II et Khattouchili III (d’après l’inscription hiéroglyphique au temple de Karnak) * Schafik Allam Universität Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany firstname.lastname@example.org Abstract With the conquests of Tuthmosis III in Syria, Egypt entered into the international scene of the Near Eastern world. Thereafter, the Hittites were extending their frontiers across northern Meso- potamia and Syria. This led to conflict with Egypt, since each was aspiring to control the routes of international commerce. Inevitably, the two super-powers clashed at Qadesh, and the rela- tionship between them remained full of hostility and distrust. True peace came only upon the conclusion of a treaty between Ramesses II and Khattouchili III, through which an extreme alliance was finally agreed. The treaty was an implicit recognition by both partners of a territorial status quo . Its conclusion was probably enhanced by the rising of the Assyrians and the infiltra- tion of the Sea Peoples. Furthermore, the Hittite king was worried about his right to rule; his seizure of the throne left him concerned about the succession to his own
Journal of Egyptian History – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2011
Keywords: battle of Qadesh; defensive alliance; Ramses II; Khattouchili III; international diplomacy; treaty; Hittites
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