Land and Natural Resource Redistribution in Zimbabwe: Access, Equity and Conflict

Land and Natural Resource Redistribution in Zimbabwe: Access, Equity and Conflict Land and Natural Resource Redistribution in Zimbabwe: Access, Equity and Con fl ict S AM M OYO A BSTRACT This paper examines the emergence of a complex socio-polit- ical and economic con fl ict over unequal land and natural resources control in Zimbabwe, focusing on the post inde- pendence period from 1980. Colonial expropriation of agri- cultural land and vast natural resource reservoirs, such as indigenous woodlands, water systems and wildlife resources, established a dualistic political-economic landscape charac- terised by competing resource ownership structures and multi- faceted con fl icts. Race dominance of natural resources by a white settler minority class of 4000 commercial farmers with an average of 200 hectares and large scale tourists operators, alongside large state controlled but leased forest and wildlife conservancies marginalized about 1.5 million peasants fami- lies, and other sub-altern classes from the access to key resources. The latter depend on natural resources for most of their basic livelihoods needs. Throughout the fi rst 20 years of indepen- dence this extractive system remained unchanged and was worsened by increased demand for land by a growing rural and unemployed urban population. Neoliberal land reform and environmental management policies based on private property relations http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png African and Asian Studies Brill

Land and Natural Resource Redistribution in Zimbabwe: Access, Equity and Conflict

African and Asian Studies, Volume 4 (1-2): 187 – Jan 1, 2005

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Publisher
Brill
Copyright
© 2005 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
ISSN
1569-2094
eISSN
1569-2108
D.O.I.
10.1163/1569209054547283
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Land and Natural Resource Redistribution in Zimbabwe: Access, Equity and Con fl ict S AM M OYO A BSTRACT This paper examines the emergence of a complex socio-polit- ical and economic con fl ict over unequal land and natural resources control in Zimbabwe, focusing on the post inde- pendence period from 1980. Colonial expropriation of agri- cultural land and vast natural resource reservoirs, such as indigenous woodlands, water systems and wildlife resources, established a dualistic political-economic landscape charac- terised by competing resource ownership structures and multi- faceted con fl icts. Race dominance of natural resources by a white settler minority class of 4000 commercial farmers with an average of 200 hectares and large scale tourists operators, alongside large state controlled but leased forest and wildlife conservancies marginalized about 1.5 million peasants fami- lies, and other sub-altern classes from the access to key resources. The latter depend on natural resources for most of their basic livelihoods needs. Throughout the fi rst 20 years of indepen- dence this extractive system remained unchanged and was worsened by increased demand for land by a growing rural and unemployed urban population. Neoliberal land reform and environmental management policies based on private property relations

Journal

African and Asian StudiesBrill

Published: Jan 1, 2005

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