K11RDISH ETYMOLOGIES I GARNIK ASATRIAN Yerevan 1. bi(h)n "smell, odour" Is derived from OIr. *baud-na- (*baud-), with *-d-(*-t-) > -h-(-o-) in intervocalic position, a phonetic rule which is commonly shared by Kurdish and Baxtiari dialects, cf.: Kd. buhust "span", Av. vitasti-, MP. bidast; buhur "ford" < *wi-tar-; gu/ahan "udder" < *gau-dana-, Av. gaod?na-, Baxt. gun, Baluchi godan; Baxt. ba/ihig "bride, daughter-in-law", Kd. buk (< *bihuk) < Baxt. bahan "tent" < *wi-dana-, Bal. gidan, etc. (see in details: Asatrian, pp. 75-76; Asatrian, Livshits, 9 V, 4, pp. 84- 85 ; Vahman, Asatrian, p. 70). Kd. bi(h)n is formed via intermediate stages *bo6n > *bahn, with the narrowing of - u- > -1-, again a common feature in Kurdish, Baxtiari and some other West Iranian dialects, cf.: Kd., Baxt. xun/xin, hin, ma/mi; Kd. "sabre", run/rin "butter", The development (see: Asatrian, Livshits, also p.83; Yahman, Asatrian, p.85). The development of *-d- > -h- is attested also in Middle Persian (Tafazzoli, p.195). However, Prof. A. Perikhanian suggests that it could be a Middle Median phonetic phe- nomenon, and the forms with this peculiarity in the MP and Parthian are mere borrow- ings from Median (Perikhanian, pp. 115-117). Kurdish bi(h)n is by no
Iran and the Caucasus – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1999
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