JUAN DE VALDES AND THE ALUMBRADOS ALASTAIR HAMILTON Amsterdam Despite his influence and the intellectual and social distinction of his circle astonishingly little is known about the life of Juan de Valdes. His father, a nobleman, was an alderman, regidor, of Cuenca. His mother was descended from conversos or New Christians, Jews con- verted to Christianity, and a brother of hers was burnt at the stake as a relapsed Judaizer. Himself one of six sons, ,Juan de Valdes was born in about 1509. Nothing certain can be said about his early education, but both he and his elder brother Alfonso, may have had as their tutor the Italian humanist Pietro Martire d'Anghiera. The first clear glimpse we catch of Juan de Valdes is in 1523 and 1524 when he was serving as a page in the household of Don Diego Lopez Pacheco, Marquess of Villena. He was staying at the marquess's castle of Escalona, north- west of Toledo, at the same time as the accountant Pedro Ruiz de Alcaraz, who was arrested for heresy in 1524 as one of the main proselytisers of the alumbrado movement. By the second half of November 1526 Valdes was studying at the
Nederlands Archief voor Kerkgeschiedenis (in 2006 continued as Church History and Religious Culture) – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1993
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