JOHN XII 34 AND TARGUM ISAIAH LII 13 BY BRUCE CHILTON Sheffield In the January 1977 Novum Testamentum, Mr. Brian McNEIL suggests that the conviction voiced in John xii 34 that o xpLaTOs wEvei sy TOV aiwva is mirrored in Targum Isaiah ix 5 in the proximity of the phrase K''N'?y to a mention of "Messiah" 1). The Targum in question is a compendium of the exegetical work of centuries, so that it is indeed possible that some of its readings reflect the first-century haggadic diction of which the Johannine passage is a more certain representative 2). But it is inappropriate to conclude on this basis that John had this Targum "in mind" when he wrote 3). A haggadah that the Messiah stands forever could have circulated for generations before it was applied exegetically to this passage in the book of Isaiah. Mr. McNEIL would have to show a positive allusion by the crowd to Is. ix before his entire suggestion could 1) "The Quotation at John XII 34," pp. 22-33. 2) In his monograph, Targum Jonathan to the Prophets (New Haven: Yale, 1927), P. CHURGIN cited passages in the Isaiah Targum which he thought stem from the
Novum Testamentum – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1980
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